Comprehensive Health Care Information And Resources
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Stasis dermatitis is a type of eczema which develops in the lower extremities. Diminished blood flow on the lower legs causes this type of eczema and is common in people who have varicose veins. Sluggish blood flow means less oxygen and nutrient supply to these distal areas and the legs develop and itchy rash that could also be painful as well.
Stasis dermatitis can also be called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema or venous stasis dermatitis. Any condition that can cause decreased blood supply to the lower areas of the body may result to stasis dermatitis.
Stasis dermatitis has a characteristic lesion or rash that may develop in time or may develop over night. Here are other signs and symptoms associated with this skin condition:
• Swelling of the lower extremities is the most common symptom of stasis dermatitis and may include the feet as well. Leg pain is also noticeable and can be very painful even when at rest.
• The skin appears thin and is very inflamed.
• There could be severe itching and this itch can cause sores and lesions to burst open and ooze. Sores that develop due to itching and scratching heal slowly; this is due to the lack of blood supply on the affected areas.
• The skin appears to be colored brown or red and when the sores and lesions finally heal, they appear to be thickened and scaly.
• Appearance of violet colored lesions on the knees and the feet are also common.
People who have hypertension and diabetes are at risk in developing poor blood circulation on the distal parts of the body; they are also at risk in developing stasis dermatitis. This skin condition is also prevalent in people with varicose veins and who are over 40 years old.
Females are seen to be more prone to develop stasis dermatitis. Obesity, a sedentary lifestyle and a history of blood clots can also place you at risk of developing this skin condition. Other medical conditions that can lead to stasis dermatitis are kidney failure, congestive heart failure and deep vein thrombosis.
The main cause of stasis dermatitis is decreased blood supply on the lower extremities. Certain medical conditions that can restrict blood flow to the legs and feet are causes as well.
The primary goal of the treatment of stasis dermatitis is to preserve skin integrity as well as increase blood circulation on the lower extremities to prevent severe skin conditions and infections:
• Treating stasis dermatitis involves increasing skin moisture by applying moisturizing lotions and creams. Increasing air moisture can also help hydrate skin.
• Prescription topical steroids, antibiotic creams and oral preparations are also the most common skin care regimen advised by dermatologists.
• Placing cool compresses can help sooth pain and itch. Preventing a person from scratching the area could be impossible so taking oral antihistamines can also help.
• Proper wound care is also essential to prevent further infection and initiate wound healing.
• Treating medical conditions that predisposes a person to develop stasis dermatitis is essential. Follow medications given and regular consultations are also advised.
• When at rest, elevated the leg above the heart to lessen the pain and swelling on the legs.
Stasis dermatitis can be prevented by following prescribed medical treatment for your condition. Avoid standing for a long period of time and walk regularly to increase blood circulation on the area. Compression stockings can also help lessen inflammation on the lower extremities.