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TYPES OF ECZEMA


Contact Dermatitis

the skin’s allergic reaction due to contact to everyday objects.

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Hand Dermatitis

develops mostly in the hands and can be a general term as well, is frequently job related and most cases require special treatment.

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Nummular Dermatitis

is a result of skin injury, coin shaped and this is a hallmark of this skin condition, nummular lesions.

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Seborrheic Dermatitis

develops at the scalp where it is oily and waxy, also can be called cradle cap, dandruff or seborrhea.

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Neurodermatitis

involves severe irritation of the nerve endings of the skin and this triggers a viscous cycle of itching and scratching.

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Atopic Dermatitis

it is chronic in form, it requires daily care and intervention.

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Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

occurs only in hands and feet, can also be called vesicular eczema or vesicular plamoplantar eczema.

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Occupational Dermatitis

develops from exposure to chemicals and substances at work, may also be related to irritant contact and allergic contact dermatitis.

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Stasis Dermatitis

also be called gravitational dermatitis, venous eczema or venous stasis dermatitis; develops in the lower extremities.

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Follicular Eczema

is characterized by severe itching, skin dryness and a reddish appearance of the skin.




Eczema: Neurodermatitis



What Is Neurodermatitis?


Neurodermatitis is a type of eczema that is also called an itch-scratch-itch type of dermatitis. The itch of this type of skin condition is so severe that any type of scratching cannot relieve the itch.


Neurodermatitis often involves severe irritation of the nerve endings of the skin and this triggers a viscous cycle of itching and scratching.



Signs And Symptoms


Neurodermatitis has its own specific symptoms making it clearly stand out from the other types:


•   Severe itching that can even be felt when the person is asleep or when resting.


•   The intense itch becomes more pronounced after being scratched.


•   Neurodermatitis lesions often develop in places where a person can scratch like the areas of the arms, legs, the neck and the genitals.


•   The lesions of neurodermatitis look like small and scaly red plaques.


•   Frequent scratching may rupture skin lesions making the skin more susceptible to skin infection.


•   Skin lesions can be painful and inflamed. Skin may thicken over time and can darken due to piling up of skin cells.



Who Gets?


Neurodermatitis is common in people who have a skin condition called psoriasis or for people with a history of contact dermatitis. This skin condition may also be present to people with asthma and hay fever.


It has been estimated that females are more susceptible in getting this skin condition more than males. People ages 30 to 50 are more likely to develop neurodermatitis.



Causes


There is no specific cause in the development of neurodermatitis. Some studies however suggest that certain triggers can somehow increase a person’s risk in having neurodermatitis.


•   Wearing clothing made of wool and other irritating materials can cause neurodermatitis.


•   Dry skin can also increase a person’s risk in developing neurodermatitis.


•   Exposure to heat, hair dyes, traffic exhaust fumes and other skin irritants can also increase a person’s risk.


•   Insect bites may also be a cause of neurodermatitis.


•   Stress can aggravate neurodermatitis.



Treatments


There are many approaches in the treatment of neurodermatitis:


•   Topical corticosteroids are often the most commonly prescribed medication for patients with this type of eczema. A dermatologist can advice the ideal strength and dosage of a topical steroid medication.


•   Topical antibiotics can also be advised for preventing skin infection.


•   A topical keratolytic can help lessen the thickening of skin in chronic neurodermatitis.


•   A sedative can also be prescribed to relieve anxiety attacks especially in severe cases.



Prevention


Prevention involves the control of skin infection as well as lessening the impact of intense itching. Persons who are suffering from neurodermatitis are often advised to cut their fingernails short and to wear gloves in the evening to prevent scratching that can significantly damage skin.


It is also important to avoid triggers or factors that can cause neurodermatitis flare ups. Never wear constricting and irritating clothing. Always follow your doctor’s skin care regimen even after your lesions have healed.


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